Purpose of WebAppProfile

WebAppProfile serves as an instruction to Rapise on how to record XPath locators for elements in a given application.

Adding WebAppProfile to a Test

To create WebAppProfile.json file in your test navigate to Files tab, right click Scripts folder and choose Create... > WebAppProfile.json.

The default profile looks like this:

        attributes: [
            { name: "id", notEmpty: true, exclude: "\\d" },
            { name: "title" },
            { name: "role" }
        classes: [
            { name: "content" }
        anchors: [
            { xpath: "//div[@class='content-wrapper']" }

WebAppProfile Format

record.attributes array  contains definition of attributes to record. 

name is the only required property for an attribute. It is case insensitive.

notEmpty is 'false' by default. If set to 'true' then the attribute will be recorded only if it has non empty value.

exclude is a regular expression. If attribute value matches the regexp then the attribute is not recorded.

record.classes array lists class names that are meaningful for element identification and should be recorded.

name is the only required property for a class. It is case sensitive.

record.anchors array lists anchors.

xpath is the only required property for an anchor.


When element XPath is recorded and an element belongs to a DOM sub-tree of an anchor then anchor XPath is always appended to element XPath,

Let's look at the example. Here we have a table built with DIVs and ARIA roles.

<div id="Customers" role="grid">
    <div role="row">
        <span role="cell" title="Contoso"></span>

If we record just using  title attribute and it's value is unique for the page we'll end up with a locator


However if we define an anchor


we'll get the locator as


The locator is now bound to the table. If another element with 'Contoso' title appears somewhere on the page (outside the table) we'll find the correct element.

Here is more complex and real-life example. In Microsoft Dynamics 365 Business Central application when you navigate through the forms they are loaded into the DOM tree inside DIV elements with spa-view class. When you move from one form to another - old forms are not unloaded an continue to sit in the DOM tree. They just have lower  z-index then currently active form.

It means that when Rapise searches for an element during test playback it should work with the topmost spa-view.

To achieve this goal we define an anchor in WebAppProfile for the application

//div[contains(concat(' ', @class, ' '), ' spa-view ') and position()=last()]

Here is an example of automatically recorded XPath

//div[contains(concat(' ', @class, ' '), ' spa-view ') and position()=last()]//span[@aria-label='Customers']

The anchor prevents us from finding elements that are not visible to user and ensure that if we find an element it belongs to an active form.

XPath Minimization

Rapise always tries to build the minimal XPath locator possible with a given set of attributes, classes and anchors. Full XPath is not an option.

Let's assume we have a page

        <span title="Account"></span>

and XPath


finds a single node, then it is a good minimal locator for the element.

Compare with full XPath


that may easily become broken with page layout changes.


WebAppProfile addresses one of the challenges in web UI test automation: generation of resilient XPath locators during test recording.  Other challenges include dealing with asynchronous loading of data and working with complex controls (like grids, trees, menus, etc.).